There are many model spectra of non-stellar objects available from TRDS. These are, according to their classification:

Representative Nebulae Models

File Object Notes
orion_001.fits Orion Nebula  
orion_smooth_001.fits Orion Nebula II  
pn_smooth_001.fits Planetary Nebula
(NGC 7009)
pn_nebula_only_smooth.fits Planetary Nebula with continuum component removed A modified version of the "pn_smooth", an be used to more accurately predict count rates in spatially extended calculations

Note other nebulae with different excitation classes may have very different spectral characteristics.

These spectra can be found in the non-stellar ftp site.

Ellipitcal, Spiral, Starburst Galaxies

File Object Notes
elliptical Elliptical #1 5
elliptical_smooth Elliptical #2 5
el_cb2004a Elliptical Benitez 2004a 2
el_cww_fuv Elliptical CWW FUV 1
im_cb2004a Im_B2004a 1
spiral Spiral 5
s0_fuv_1 S0 5
sa_fuv_1 Sa 5
sbc_cb2004a Spiral Sbc Benitez 2004a 2
sbc_cww Sbc CWW 1
scd_cb2004a Scd B2004a 2
sb2_b2004a SB2_B2004a 3
sb3_b2004a SB3_B2004a 3
ssp_25myr_z008 ssp_25Myr_z008 4
ssp_5myr_z008 ssp_5Myr_z008 4

[1] Coleman, Wu, Weedman, 1980, ApJS, 43, 393. Abstract: Ultraviolet observations of nearby galaxies with the ANS are used to derive ultraviolet spectra for different galaxy types. These spectra are used with existing visible spectrophotometry to calculate K-corrections, and to predict colors and magnitudes for various galaxy types as a function of redshifts, to z = 2. No evolutionary effects are considered. It appears that the first-ranked cluster galaxies on blue emulsions should be spirals for z greater than or approximately equal to 0.5. 
[2] Coleman, Wu, Weedman 1980 templates recalibrated by Benitez et al. 2004, ApJS, 150, 1 
[3] Starburst galaxies form Kinney et al. 1996 (ApJ, 467, 38) recalibrated by Benitez et al. 2004 
[4] Young 5, 25 Myr old simple stellar populations with 0.4 times solar metallicity from Bruzual & Charlot 2003, MNRAS, 344, 1000 
[5] Representative models

These spectra can be found in the non-stellar ftp site






File Model Notes
ngc1068_template NGC 1068  
qso_template QSO (LBQS-based)  
qso_fos QSO (FOS-based)  
qso_sdss QSO (SDSS-based) Vanden Berk et al. (2001)
qso_irtf_template QSO (IRTF-based) Glikman, Helfand, and White (2006)

The QSO SDSS based spectra comes from from "Composite Quasar Spectra From the Sloan Digital Sky Survey" by Vanden Berk D.E. et al. 2001, AJ, 122, 549. Abstract excerpts: We have created a variety of composite quasar spectra using a homogeneous data set of over 2200 spectra from the SDSS. The input spectra cover an observed wavelength range of 3800 - 9200 A at a resolution of 1800. The median composite covers a rest wavelength range from 800 to 8555 A and reaches a peak signal-to-noise ratio of over 300 per 1 A resolution element in the rest frame. We have identified over 80 emission-line features in the spectrum.

The IRTF quasar is from Glikman E., Helfand D.J., White R.L. ApJ 2006, 640, 579. Abstract: We present a near-infrared quasar composite spectrum spanning the wavelength range 0.58-3.5 microns. The spectrum has been constructed from observations of 27 quasars obtained at the NASA IRTF telescope and satisfying the criteria K_s < 14.5 and M_i < -23; the redshift range is 0.118 < z < 0.418. The signal-to-noise ratio is moderate, reaching a maximum of 150 between 1.6 and 1.9 micron. While a power-law fit to the continuum of the composite spectrum requires two breaks, a single power-law slope of alpha = -0.92 plus a 1260 K blackbody provides an excellent description of the spectrum from H_alpha to 3.5 microns, strongly suggesting the presence of significant quantities of hot dust in this blue-selected quasar sample. We measure intensities and line widths for 10 lines, finding that the Paschen line ratios rule out case B recombination. We compute K-corrections for the J, H, K, and Spitzer 3.6 micron bands, which will be useful in analyzing observations of quasars up to z = 10.

These spectra can be found in the non-stellar ftp site.

Infrared Galaxies

File Type Object
05189m2524_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy IRAS05189-2524
12112p0305_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy IRAS12112+0305
14348m1447_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy IRAS14348-1447
15250p3609_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy IRAS15250+3609
22491m1808_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy IRAS22491-1808
arp220_fullsed Merger ARP220
m82_fullsed Merger M82
mrk1014_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR QSO MRK1014
mrk231_fullsed Type-1 Seyfert Galaxy MRK231
mrk273_fullsed Merger MRK273
mrk463_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy MRK463
ngc6240_fullsed Ultra Luminous IR Galaxy (merger) NGC6240
ugc5101_fullsed Peculiar Galaxy U1GGC5101


Examples of galaxy spectra are taken from the Spectral Atlas of Infrared Luminous Galaxies. This atlas contains a set of spectrum templates of nearby infrared-luminous galaxies covering the wavelength range from 0.1 to 1000 microns. Data were collected from the NASA Extragalactic Database (NED), and included photometry from the U-band through the K-band in the near-infrared. Photometry from the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) as well as spectra from the Spitzer/Infrared Spectrograph (Armus et al. 2004, 2007) have been incorporated.

The optical/NIR data were fitted using two stellar components (a young component and an evolved component) so that the U to K band fluxes of the galaxies are reproduced. The far-infrared spectral energy distribution (SED) was fitted using the dust continuum models in Chary & Elbaz (2001). The Spitzer mid-infrared spectra were scaled to agree with the IRAS flux densities. The one exception is the template of M82 which was reconstructed from ISO data (Chary & Elbaz 2001). The range of mid-infrared SEDs in these templates illustrate the strength of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) features and silicate features which might be present in real galaxies. Specifically, the features occur at wavelengths (in microns) of the fetures listed in the table below.

Wavelength (microns) Feature
3.3 PAH emission
6.2 PAH emission
7.7 PAH emission
8.6 PAH emission
9.7 Broad Silicate, typically in absorption; can be seen in emission in AGN
11.3 PAH emission
12.7 PAH emission
18 Broad Silicate, typically in absorption; can be seen in emission in AGN


These SEDs do not yet incorporate results from GALEX, Planck, and Herschel.

Because the templates are constructed using a combination of real data and models, artificial discontinuities at certain wavelengths may be noticeable.

These spectra can be found in the non-stellar ftp site.

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